Alexandria Timeline

Alexandria Timeline



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  • 332 BCE

    Alexander the Great conquers Phoenicia and turns toward Egypt.

  • Jan 331 BCE

    Alexander the Great founds Alexandria at the port town of Rhakotis in Egypt.

  • 323 BCE

  • 305 BCE - 285 BCE

    Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, who initiated the Great Library.

  • 300 BCE

    Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.

  • c. 300 BCE - c. 280 BCE

    The Lighthouse of Alexandria is built, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

  • 285 BCE - 246 BCE

    Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, development of Library at Alexandria.

  • 276 BCE - 195 BCE

    Life of Eratosthenes, ancient Greek Alexandrian scholar, native of Cyrene and one of the greatest geographers in antiquity.

  • 247 BCE

    The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.

  • 48 BCE

  • 48 BCE

    Pompey killed at Alexandria, Caesar declares martial law in the city.

  • 48 BCE - 44 BCE

    Julius Caesar of Rome and Cleopatra VII of Egypt in unofficial alliance.

  • 44 BCE

    Assassination of Julius Caesar at Rome.

  • 41 BCE - 31 BCE

  • 34 BCE

    Mark Antony celebrates an unofficial triumph in Alexandria following his victories in Armenia.

  • 30 BCE

  • 30 BCE - 14 CE

    Reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome, restoration of Roman province of Alexandria.

  • 100 CE

    The mathematician and astronomer Menelaus of Alexandria lived.

  • 115 CE

    Destruction of Alexandria in the Kitos War.

  • 117 CE

    Restoration of Alexandria by Emperor Hadrian of Rome.

  • 132 CE

    Septuagint (Greek translation of the Bible) composed at Alexandria.

  • 313 CE

    Constantine the Great issues Edict of Milan, decrees religious tolerance.

  • 314 CE

    Religious strife increases between Christians and other faiths in Alexandria.

  • 391 CE

    Christian Patriarch Theophilus destroys pagan temples in Alexandria. .

  • 415 CE

    Hypatia of Alexandria murdered by Christian mob. Scholars and scientists leave the city. .

  • 619 CE

    Alexandria is conquered by the Sassanid Persians.

  • 628 CE

  • 641 CE

    Arab Muslims under Caliph Umar take Alexandria from the Byzantine Christians.

  • 641 CE - 646 CE

    The Byzantine Christians and Arab Muslims fight for control of Alexandria and Egypt.

  • 646 CE

    The Arab Muslims defeat the Byzantine Christians. Alexandria falls under Islamic rule. .


Watch the video: Ελληνική ιστορία - Ελληνιστική περίοδος 323-31.